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A carbohydrate is an organic compound that consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula . (Some exceptions exist; for example, deoxyribose, a component of DNA, has the empirical formula C5H10O4.) Carbohydrates are not technically hydrates of carbon. Structurally it is more accurate to view them as polyhydroxy aldehydes and ketones.
- Related: Bioplastic, Gluconeogenesis, Glycolipid, Glycoprotein, Glycoinformatics, Low-carbohydrate diet, No-carbohydrate diet, Macromolecules, Nutrition, Pentose phosphate pathway, Photosynthesis, Sugar
Carbohydrates, including interactive models and animations
www2.ufp.pt/~pedros/bq/carb_en.htm - Web
IUPAC-IUBMB Joint Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (JCBN): Carbohydrate Nomenclature
www.chem.qmw.ac.uk/iupac/2carb/ - Web
www.cem.msu.edu/~reusch/VirtualText/carbhyd.htm - Web
Complex And Simple Carbohydrates
evilcyber.com/nutrition/complex-and-simple-carbohydrates/ - Web
Carbohydrates and Glycosylation - The Virtual Library of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
www.biochemweb.org/carbohydrates.shtml - Web
Functional Glycomics Gateway
www.functionalglycomics.org - Web
www.wineclubwizard.com/wine-carbohydrates.html - Web